Of the 9,259 households in the town, 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were headed by married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.6% were non-families.
Of all households, 27.3% were made up of individuals, and 9.7% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
Of residents 25 years old or older, 41.7% have a graduate or professional degree, and only 4.9% did not graduate from high school.
Many colonial governors at the time scattered his name amidst the influx of new town applications, which is why several towns in the Northeast bear the name.Male full-time workers had a median income of ,750 versus ,278 for females. About 8.7% of families and 34.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.According to the 2010 5-year American Community Survey estimates, occupied housing units had a median household income of ,063, which includes both renter and owner-occupied units.Amherst is also infamous for recommending, in a letter to a subordinate, the use of smallpox-covered blankets in warfare against the Native Americans along with any "other method that can serve to Extirpate this Execrable Race".The town is bordered by Hadley to the west, Sunderland and Leverett to the north, Shutesbury, Pelham, and Belchertown to the east, and Granby and South Hadley to the south.